The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Format: Journal Article
Publication Year: 2003
Source ID: shanti-sources-22386
Zotero Collections: Contemplation by Applied Subject, Neuroscience and Contemplation, Psychology and Contemplation, Science and Contemplation
Abstract: Mindfulness is an attribute of consciousness long believed to promote well-being. This research provides a theoretical and empirical examination of the role of mindfulness in psychological well-being. The development and psychometric properties of the dispositional Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) are described. Correlational, quasi-experimental, and laboratory studies then show that the MAAS measures a unique quality of consciousness that is related to a variety of well-being constructs, that differentiates mindfulness practitioners from others, and that is associated with enhanced self-awareness. An experience-sampling study shows that both dispositional and state mindfulness predict self-regulated behavior and positive emotional states. Finally, a clinical intervention study with cancer patients demonstrates that increases in mindfulness over time relate to declines in mood disturbance and stress.