High-affinity dopamine D2/D3 PET radioligands 18F-fallypride and 11C-FLB457: A comparison of kinetics in extrastriatal regions using a multiple-injection protocol
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Format: Journal Article
Publication Year: n/a
Source ID: shanti-sources-23169
Zotero Collections: Contexts of Contemplation Project
Abstract: 18F-Fallypride and 11C-FLB457 are commonly used PET radioligands for imaging extrastriatal dopamine D2/D3 receptors, but differences in their in vivo kinetics may affect the sensitivity for measuring subtle changes in receptor binding. Focusing on regions of low binding, a direct comparison of the kinetics of 18F-fallypride and 11C-FLB457 was made using a MI protocol. Injection protocols were designed to estimate K1, k2, fNDkon, Bmax, and koff in the midbrain and cortical regions of the rhesus monkey. 11C-FLB457 cleared from the arterial plasma faster and yielded a ND space distribution volume (K1/k2) that is three times higher than 18F-fallypride, primarily due to a slower k2 (FAL:FLB; k2=0.54 min−1:0.18 min−1). The dissociation rate constant, koff, was slower for 11C-FLB457, resulting in a lower KDapp than 18F-fallypride (FAL:FLB; 0.39 nM:0.13 nM). Specific D2/D3 binding could be detected in the cerebellum for 11C-FLB457 but not 18F-fallypride. Both radioligands can be used to image extrastriatal D2/D3 receptors, with 11C-FLB457 providing greater sensitivity to subtle changes in low-receptor-density cortical regions and 18F-fallypride being more sensitive to endogenous dopamine displacement in medium-to-high-receptor-density regions. In the presence of specific D2/D3 binding in the cerebellum, reference region analysis methods will give a greater bias in BPND with 11C-FLB457 than with 18F-fallypride.