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Implicit memory: History and current status
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Format: Journal Article
Publication Year: 1987
Pages: 501 - 518
Source ID: shanti-sources-114626
Collection: Brain Regions
Abstract: Memory for a recent event can be expressed explicitly, as conscious recollection, or implicitly, as a facilitation of test performance without conscious recollection. A growing number of recent studies have been concerned with implicit memory and its relation to explicit memory. This article presents an historical survey of observations concerning implicit memory, reviews the findings of contemporary experimental research, and delineates the strengths and weaknesses of alternative theoretical accounts of implicit memory. It is argued that dissociations between implicit and explicit memory have been documented across numerous tasks and subject populations, represent an important challenge for research and theory, and should be viewed in the context of other dissociations between implicit and explicit expressions of knowledge that have been documented in recent cognitive and neuropsychological research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)