BACKGROUND: Although it has been hypothesized that glucocorticoid hypersecretion in depressed patients leads to neuronal atrophy in the hippocampus, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) -based morphometry studies of the hippocampus to date have produced mixed results. METHODS: In our MRI study, hippocampal volumes were measured in 25 depressed patients (13 with melancholia and 12 without melancholia) and 15 control subjects. RESULTS: No significant differences in hippocampus volumes were found between any of the subject groups, although within subjects right hippocampal volumes were found to be significantly larger than left hippocampal volumes. Additionally, right and total (left + right) hippocampal volumes in control and depressed subjects were found to be positively correlated with trait anxiety as measured by the state/trait anxiety inventory. CONCLUSIONS: Because our subject group is younger than those in studies reporting hippocampal atrophy, we conclude that longitudinal studies will be necessary for investigation of the lifelong course of hippocampal volumetry.
A short concise look at the term yoga, the movement of yoga, and the evolution of yoga within India and outside.
A 5 lecture audio book about the history and practices of Hatha Yoga by the leading scholar on the subject.
A fascinating guide to the centuries-old practice of yoga, one of the world's most persuasive methods of spiritual enlightenment. An experienced yoga teacher, Vivian Worthington traces the development of the practice from its roots to the recent vogue in the West.
A clear and concise documentary on the gistory and roots of the yoga tradition through modernity.
From New Thinking Allowed with Jeffrey Mishlove published on 1/2/2018. Debashish Banjeri discusses the hostory of yoga.
People construct ad hoc categories to achieve goals. For example, constructing the category of “things to sell at a garage sale” can be instrumental to achieving the goal of selling unwanted possessions. These categories differ from common categories (e.g., “fruit,” “furniture”) in that ad hoc categories violate the correlational structure of the environment and are not well established in memory. Regarding the latter property, the category concepts, concept-to-instance associations, and instance-to-concept associations structuring ad hoc categories are shown to be much less established in memory than those of common categories. Regardless of these differences, however, ad hoc categories possess graded structures (i.e., typicality gradients) as salient as those structuring common categories. This appears to be the result of a similarity comparison process that imposes graded structure on any category regardless of type.
This paper theorizes holistic ethnography—an ethnographic method of inquiry that is similar to an embodied meditation practice—a conscious awareness of experience in which the researcher intentionally and variously focuses her attention on physical sensations, emotions, contemplation, and dialogue to contribute to deep sensemaking and critical examination. We illustrate this using an historical ethnographic field project as example. Only when we have immersed ourselves into our research within and beyond can we work toward a more dialogic understanding of the experience we are studying. We discuss how entering the experience through narrative requires us to focus on the embodiment of smell, taste, touch, sound, and sight of the phenomena we are studying; moving the story into our heart bids us to feel it deeply and unite with it at a place that transcends words and pulls us into the experiences; contemplating with our minds frees us to reflect on the experience and find meaning in it; and engaging dialogically invites us to discuss, connect, and voice each other and the experience into being. This approach to interpretation is messy yet thorough and provides a deep level of introspection and understanding. We end with a discussion of how this process can be used in the higher education classroom. By adding embodiment, emotion, contemplation, and dialogue to fieldwork and coursework, we suggest we are better able to critically examine cultural and social phenomena.
I was so excited to interview Luke. The way he shares his knowledge and skills inspiring. His love for this Earth poors through the screen. His mi...
The definitive overview of this transformative breathwork.In this long awaited book, Stanislav Grof and Christina Grof describe their groundbreaking new form of self-exploration and psychotherapy: Holotropic Breathwork. Holotropic means ‘moving toward wholeness,’ from the Greek holos ( whole) and trepein (moving in the direction of). The breathwork utilizes the remarkable healing and transformative potential of non-ordinary states of consciousness. These states engender a rich array of experiences with unique healing potential―reliving childhood memories, infancy, birth and prenatal life, and elements from the historical and archetypal realms of the collective unconscious. Induced by very simple means―a combination of accelerated breathing, evocative music, and bodywork in a safe and supportive setting, Holotropic Breathwork integrates the insights from modern consciousness research, depth psychology, transpersonal psychology, anthropology, Eastern spiritual practices, and mystical traditions. The Grofs’ work with holotropic states of consciousness has introduced revolutionary changes to psychiatry, psychology, and psychotherapy. Written in a clear, easily understandable style, this indispensable book summarizes their remarkable insights.
This blog, part of the Center for Koru Mindfulness, a form of mindfulness developed at Duke University, targets “twenty-somethings” but many of its postings are geared specifically for college students, with tips on how to spend spring break, how to stop procrastinating school work, and how to start the semester off right. Many contemplative instructors draw from this method in their classrooms.
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness-Based StressReduction (MBSR) emphasize the importance of mindfulness practice at home as an integral part of the program. However, the extent to which participants complete their assigned practice is not yet clear, nor is it clear whether this practice is associated with positive outcomes.
Bradford Grant’s concept of “negative space” is the area between, around, above and below objects. Becoming aware of negative space gives us a feeling of spaciousness in our environment. Awareness of negative space as it relates to time opens our lives even more. This paper examines and helps us to value the negative space which flows around, between and through activities and which makes up the latticework of our days.
The documentary 'H.O.P.E. What You Eat Matters' shows how simply changing what we put on our plates and moving towards a plant-based diet, can restore our body´s health and our planet´s balance. It has a clear message: By changing our eating habits, we can change the world!