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Mindfulness plays an increasing role in the field of health psychology, since mindfulness-based interventions in prevention and rehabilitation can lead to a higher bodily well-being and quality of life. How valid is the measurement of self-reported mindfulness as a multidimensional construct using the German translation of the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)? The 39-item inventory was translated into German and presented to a sample of 550 undergraduate students. The dimensional structure, reliability, and validity of the different scales were evaluated. Results were largely comparable to those obtained for the original English version of the FFMQ. As anticipated, the five-factor structure was largely replicated and expected associations with symptom distress and indicators of psychological and physical well-being were found. The German version of the FFMQ seems to be an economic, reliable, and valid questionnaire for assessing self-reported mindfulness in a multidimensional way.
During the past decade, theoretical approaches have emerged that call into question the presumption that self-esteem is an absolute prerequisite for healthy functioning. The present study addressed the question of whether a non-judgmental accepting stance towards experience moderates the relationship between self-esteem and depression. In a sample of 216 undergraduate students, self-esteem was assessed with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965), acceptance with the ‘accept without judgment’ subscale of the Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills (Baer, Smith, & Allen, 2004), and depressive symptoms with the Beck Depression Inventory (Beck & Steer, 1987). Results showed that non-judgmental acceptance moderates the relationship between self-esteem and depression. In persons with low mindful acceptance, self-esteem was much more closely associated with depression than in persons with high mindful acceptance. These findings suggest that an accepting, allowing, and non-judgmental stance towards present-moment experience might buffer the detrimental effects of low self-esteem on depression.